As part of the E Pluribus Unum Educational Initiative, biographical essays of little-known Patriots of Color have been composed in an effort to spotlight the diverse experiences of these individuals who contributed to the American Revolution. Overall, these short essays emphasize the backgrounds as well as the military experiences of the Patriots, both free and enslaved, from throughout the American colonies and how their lives, including those of their spouses and families, were shaped by their service both during and after the War.

Highlighted in these narratives are the lasting legacies of the Revolutionary War for the individuals, what such combat participation signified for their own destinies as Patriots of Color, and the enduring examples of sacrifice for country and home that serve as a hallmark for illustrating the sometimes decisive role and impact of Revolutionary Patriots of Color in American history. In showcasing these stories of such men and women, the hope is that our knowledge of and appreciation for the American Revolution’s participants can continue to expand and reflect the diversity of the Revolutionary era.

Archibald Artis

Patriot of Color Archibald Artis offers a particularly special window into the world of Revolutionary...

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Joseph Brown

Despite enslaved status before and during the Revolutionary War, Joseph Brown’s life path showed the...

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Jack Congo

The course of the life of Jack Congo (alternatively, Congo Jack) showed how the relationship...

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Nicholas Cusick

Investigating certain Patriots of Color sometimes reveals a great irony in history—that very prominent people,...

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Andrew Ferguson

The contribution of Patriots such as Andrew Ferguson reflected the distinct ways that certain independent...

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Mary Hemings

At times in American history the lives of “ordinary” individuals may become complicated and magnified...

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James Nickens

When considering the origins of Revolutionary Patriots of Color, the early lives of multiethnic soldiers...

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Samuel Sutphin

Samuel Sutphin’s illustrious military career participating in the Revolutionary War was one that demonstrated the...

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Sigby Talbot

The story of Sigby Talbot, an enslaved Black man owned by American Revolutionary War officer...

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Drury Walden

Perhaps surprisingly, there were Patriots of Color who enlisted in the American Revolutionary War as...

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Henry Williams & Easter Giles

Compared to other Patriots of Color, the lives of Henry Williams and his wife, Easter...

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See a listing of DAR and external resources to learn more about underrepresented Patriots.

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