They resided in Amherst County, Virginia during the Revolutionary War and Nightingale served on a jury on October 6, 1777, and provided “a fine well fix’d British musket” 1781.

Land records indicate that the Nightingales purchased 333 acres on both sides of Corbin’s Creek for 130 pounds from Joseph Barnett and his wife Mary. They later sold the same land to John Merrill for 200 pounds. After the war they moved to Casey County, Kentucky, with other Revolutionary War Patriots. They named the seat of Casey County Liberty in keeping with their beliefs.

The last record of Matthew Nightingale is on the 1810 Casey County, Kentucky Census. There is no record of his death date.